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Overall, 90 percent used it for nonmedical reasons only and 6 percent used it only for medical reasons

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3 months agoCHICAGO -- U.S. women are increasingly using marijuana during pregnancy, sometimes to treat morning sickness, new reports suggest. Though the actual numbers are small, the trend raises concerns because of evidence linking the drug with low birth weights and other problems.

In 2014, almost 4 percent of pregnant women said they’d recently used marijuana, up from 2.4 percent in 2002, according to an analysis of annual drug use surveys.

Dr. Nora Volkow, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, said the results raise concerns and urged doctors and other health care providers to avoid recommending the drug for pregnant women. Volkow commented in an editorial published online Monday with the study in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

A separate study in the same journal found that almost 10 percent of adult marijuana users in the United States — 3 million people — have used it at least partly for medical reasons; 20 percent of these users live in states where medical marijuana isn’t legal.

Volkow noted that laws legalizing medical marijuana in 29 states and Washington, D.C. do not list pregnancy-related conditions among allowed uses. But the laws also don’t prohibit that use and 서귀포출장만남 don’t include warnings about possible harms to the fetus, she said.

Strong evidence of harms is limited, but besides low birth weights, newborns whose mothers used marijuana while pregnant may face increased risks for anemia and other problems requiring intensive care. Memory and attention problems also been found in older children whose moms used marijuana in pregnancy, Volkow noted.

How marijuana might lead to those problems is unclear but Volkow said one theory is that it might interfere with formation of nerve cells and circuits in the brain during fetal development.

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists discourages marijuana use by women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Both studies analyzed data from annual U.S. government surveys on drug use that are based on participants’ self-reporting.

One focused on 200,510 women of reproductive age who participated in the 2002-2014 surveys. Recent use — within the past month — among non-pregnant women also increased over those years, from about 6 percent to 9 percent, researchers from Columbia University Medical Center reported.

Doctors "should screen and counsel pregnant women and women contemplating pregnancy about prenatal marijuana use," the researchers said.

The other study, led by the drug agency’s Dr. Wilson Compton, focused on past-year marijuana use by nearly 100,000 adults aged 18 and up who participated in the 2013-14 drug survey.

About 13 percent said they had used marijuana; that translates to about 30 million adults. Overall, 90 percent used it for nonmedical reasons only and 6 percent used it only for medical reasons.

Prevalence of medical use was higher in states where that use is legal, but the researchers say the results suggest some doctors in other states may not feel bound by restrictions.
asked Oct 18 by JorgA9592302 (120 points)

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நியூ இரா சிட்டி கேள்வி மற்றும் பதில் வலைதலத் திற்கு வரவேற்கிறோம். , நீங்கள் உங்கள் கேள்விகளுக்கு மற்ற சமூக உறுப்பினர்களின் மூலமாக பதில்களை பெற முடியும். எவர் ஒருவர் 100 கேள்விகள் அல்லது 100 பதில்கள் கொடுக்கிறார்களோ அவர்கள் லங்காவி - மலேசியாவில் நடைபெறும் "ஐ 2 ஐ" பயிற்சி பட்டறையில் இலவசமாக*** கலந்து கொள்ள தகுதிபெறுகிறார்கள். "ஐ 2 ஐ" பயிற்சி பட்டறை மே - 2017 இல் நடைபெற உள்ளது. கேட்கப்படும் அல்லது பதிலளிக்கும் ஒவ்வொரு கேள்விக்கும் 40 மதிப்பெண்கள் வழங்கப்படும். முதலில் 4000 மதிப்பெண்கள் எடுக்கும் நபர் இலவசமாக*** "ஐ 2ஐ" பயிற்சி பட்டறையில் கலந்துகொள்ள வாய்ப்பு அளிக்கப்படும். நீங்கள் புள்ளிகள் பெற கேள்விகள் குறைந்தபட்சம் 160 வார்த்தைகள் மற்றும் 600 வார்த்தைகளுக்கு மிகாமல் . இருக்கவேண்டும். உங்கள் கேள்விகளுக்கு 7 நாட்களுக்குள் பதில் அளிக்கவில்லை என்றல், கேள்வி வலைத்தளத்தில் இருந்து நீக்கப்படும். *** இது ஒரு சில நிபந்தனைகளுக்கு உட்பட்டது
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